With about 150 services and going strong authenticating to Google APIs can sometimes seem intimidating to program against. In this blog post, I will take Container Engine (GKE) as an example and show how to use its REST API in Go and Python.

Note: This article does not explain how to use Kubernetes API to manage Pods, Deployments etc. Container Engine API can be used to create/update/delete container clusters on Google Cloud.

Where to start?

If you need the GKE API to replicate a gcloud command, I recommend you begin with learning what endpoints gcloud calls:

$ gcloud container clusters list --log-http

Then you can play with the API yourself using API Explorer without writing any code.

In the example programs below, you can find how to list a GKE cluster and its Node Pools. Based on the given pattern, you should be able to look up documentation to fit it to your use case.


Examples provided in this article will work without any configuration on your workstation if you authenticated to gcloud CLI.

However, to authenticate to the API properly in other runtime environments, you must set up a service account:

  1. create a service account,
  2. create a key for the service account, and
  3. assign roles to the service account (in this case Container Engine Viewer (roles/container.viewer) is sufficient to query resources)
  4. set the GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS environment variable to point to the key file.

Using Container API from Go

Normally, the Container Engine API client for Go is available at cloud.google.com/go/container package, but it is now deprecated. (It has been a hand-written layer with idiomatic API on top of the auto-generated library, and it has been a challenge to keep it up to date). So for our purposes, you will directly use the auto-generated client library.

First, retrieve the following dependencies:

go get google.golang.org/api/container/v1
go get google.golang.org/api/transport

These packages come from the google-api-go-client repository, which is a kitchen sink of the auto-generated code for most of public Google APIs. The container/v1 package contains API calls and request/response types used in these calls. The transport package is for handling authentication smoothly, without exposing many details to you.

To list a cluster, simply initialize a client:

oauthClient, _, err := transport.NewHTTPClient(context.TODO(),
if err != nil {
    log.Fatalf("failed to initalize http client: %+v", err)
gkeSvc, err := gkev1.New(oauthClient)
if err != nil {
    log.Fatalf("failed to initialize gke client: %+v", err)

Then make a call to ListClusters:

clusterSvc := gkev1.NewProjectsZonesClustersService(gkeSvc)
list, err := clusterSvc.List(projectID, zone).Do()
if err != nil {
    return fmt.Errorf("failed to list clusters: %+v", err)
for _, v := range list.Clusters {

You can find a complete program at the GoogleCloudPlatform/golang-samples repository (mirror).

Using Container API from Python

Google API Python Client dynamically discovers APIs, endpoints and request/response types in the runtime using the discovery API. It’s a bit complicated to write code against something that is discovered in the runtime, but with the help of the documentation, it is doable:

First, install google-api-python-client:

 $ pip install google-api-python-client

Initialize an API client for Container Service using dynamic API discovery:

from apiclient.discovery import build
service = build('container', 'v1')

Now you can follow the service documentation and initialize a client as follows:

cl = service.projects().zones().clusters()

Then query the clusters and print their names:

list_resp = cl.list(projectId=PROJECT_ID, zone=ZONE).execute()

for c in list_resp['clusters']:
    print c['name']

You can find a complete program at the GoogleCloudPlatform/python-docs-samples repository (mirror).

To run this example:

$ pip install google-api-python-client

$ python sample.py list_clusters_and_nodepools PROJECT_NAME ZONE
Cluster "test" (RUNNING) master_version=1.6.4
  -> Pool "default-pool" (RUNNING) machine_type=n1-standard-1 autoscaling=False

I hope you enjoyed it. Let me know if you build anything on top of the GKE REST API and I can mention here in this article!

(Thanks to my amazing teammates @jonparrott and @broady for reviewing the drafts of this and publishing the sample programs.)